United States presidential inauguration history

The inauguration of the president of the United States is a ceremonial event marking the commencement of a new four-year term of a president of the United States. The day a presidential inauguration occurs is known as “Inauguration Day” and occurs on January 20 (or 21st if the 20th is a Sunday). Prior to the Twentieth Amendment, the date was March 4, the day of the year on which the Constitution of the United States first took effect in 1789; the last inauguration to take place on the older date was Franklin D. Roosevelt‘s first one on March 4, 1933. The most recent public presidential inauguration ceremony, the swearing in of President Barack Obama to begin his second four-year term in office, took place on Monday, January 21, 2013. The next inauguration will be for Donald J. Trump on Friday, January 20, 2017.

The only inauguration element mandated by the United States Constitution is that the president make an oath or affirmation before that person can “enter on the Execution” of the office of the presidency. However, over the years, various traditions have arisen that have expanded the inauguration from a simple oath-taking ceremony to a day-long event, including parades, speeches, and balls.

From the presidency of Andrew Jackson through that of Jimmy Carter, the primary Inauguration Day ceremony took place on the Capitol’s East Portico.[1] Since the 1981 inauguration of Ronald Reagan, the ceremony has been held at the Capitol’s West Front. The inaugurations of William Howard Taft in 1909 and Reagan in 1985 were moved indoors at the Capitol because of cold weather. The War of 1812 and World War II caused two inaugurations to be held at other locations in Washington, D.C.

When George Washington was inaugurated, the oath was administered by Robert Livingston, Chancellor of New York State, in 1789, and by William Cushing, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, in 1793. Since Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth swore in President John Adams, no chief justice has missed an Inauguration Day. When Inauguration Day has fallen on a Sunday, the chief justice has administered the oath to the president on the Sunday privately and then again the next day publicly.

When a new president takes over mid-term due to the death or resignation of a president, the oath of office is administered, but public inauguration events have not been held.

Contents

ceremonies

The inauguration for the first U.S. president, George Washington, was held on April 30, 1789, at Federal Hall in New York City[2] where he was sworn in by Robert Livingston, the Chancellor of the State of New York.[3] In 1801, Thomas Jefferson became the first to be sworn in as president in Washington, D.C., which officially became the federal capital only on June 11, 1800.[4] Inauguration Day was originally on March 4, four months after election day, but this was changed to noon on January 20 by the Twentieth Amendment in 1933.[4]

The inaugural celebrations usually last ten days, from five days before the inauguration to five days after. However, in 1973, the celebrations marking Richard Nixon’s second inauguration were marred by the passing of former President Lyndon B. Johnson two days after the inauguration. The celebrations came to an end as Washington began preparations for the state funeral for Johnson. Because of the construction work on the center steps of the East Front, Johnson’s casket was taken up the Senate wing steps of the Capitol when taken into the rotunda to lie in state.[5] When it was brought out, it came out through the House wing steps of the Capitol.[5]

Inauguration Day is a federal holiday observed by only the federal employees who work in the District of Columbia; Montgomery and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; Arlington and Fairfax Counties in Virginia, and the cities of Alexandria and Fairfax in Virginia, and who are regularly scheduled to perform non-overtime work on Inauguration Day. There is no in-lieu-of holiday for employees and students who are not regularly scheduled to work or attend school on Inauguration Day. The primary reason for the holiday is to relieve traffic congestion that occurs during this major event[dubious ].

 

Organizers

Inauguration platform under construction for Woodrow Wilson‘s first inauguration in 1913

Since 1901, all inaugural ceremonies at the United States Capitol have been organized by the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies.[6]

The U.S. military have participated in Inauguration Day ceremonies since George Washington‘s, because the president is commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Since the first inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953, that participation has been coordinated by the Armed Forces Inaugural Committee (now called the Joint Task Force-Armed Forces Inaugural Committee).

The Presidential Inaugural Committee (PIC) is the legal entity that raises and distributes funds for events other than the ceremony, such as the balls and parade.

Locations

Most inaugural ceremonies were held at the Capitol Building. Washington gave his first address at Federal Hall in New York City and his second address in Congress Hall in Philadelphia. Adams also gave his in Congress Hall in Philadelphia. Jefferson gave both of his addresses at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. Due to the restoration work on the Capitol, James Monroe’s 1817 inauguration ceremonies took place outside the Old Brick Capitol.[8] Franklin D. Roosevelt‘s fourth address was given at the White House. Depending on the weather, the ceremonial swearing-in is held outside or inside of the Capitol building.

Outdoor ceremonies were traditionally held at the eastern front of the U.S. Capitol. In June 1980, the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies decided to move the ceremony to the west side of the Capitol, to save money and provide more space for spectators. Ronald Reagan was the first president inaugurated on the west front in January 1981, and an “urban legend” later developed that he had personally requested the move, to face toward his home state of California. All outdoor inaugurations since have taken place on the Capitol’s western front.[9]

Dates[edit]

Public inaugural ceremonies have been held on five different calendar dates in the year: April 30, March 4 and 5, and January 20 and 21. Washington gave his first address on April 30, 1789, and his second one on March 4, 1793, which was the commencement date for presidential terms. This March 4 date was changed to January 20 by the Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Sunday exceptions[edit]

From 1793 to 1933, the inaugurations were held on March 4, with only four exceptions. Because March 4 fell on a Sunday, Presidents Monroe (2nd inauguration), Taylor, Hayes and Wilson (2nd inauguration) each gave an address on Monday, March 5. Since 1937, addresses have been given on January 20 with only three exceptions (other than following a premature end to the presidential term): Presidents Eisenhower, Reagan, and Obama each gave an address on Monday, January 21 (2nd inauguration for each). The most recent inauguration day that fell on a Sunday was January 20, 2013; the next will be on January 20, 2041.

Attendees

In addition to the public, the attendees at the ceremony generally include Members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, high-ranking military officers, former presidents, living Medal of Honor recipients, and other dignitaries.

The outgoing president customarily attends the inauguration, barring those cases where succession was due to his death. There have been four exceptions:

  • John Adams did not attend Jefferson’s inauguration.
  • John Quincy Adams did not attend Jackson’s inauguration.
  • Andrew Johnson did not attend Grant’s inauguration.
  • Woodrow Wilson did not attend Harding’s inauguration (but rode to the Capitol with him).

Richard Nixon left Washington, D.C., before his resignation took effect and did not attend the swearing-in ceremony of Gerald Ford, who had no inauguration.

Ceremony elements

Inauguration procedure is governed by tradition rather than the Constitution, the only constitutionally required procedure being the presidential oath of office (which may be taken anywhere, with anyone in attendance who can legally witness an oath, and at any time prior to the actual beginning of the new president’s term).[10]Traditionally, the president-elect arrives at the White House and proceeds to the inaugural grounds at the United States Capitol with the incumbent president. Only three incumbent presidents have refused to accompany the president-elect: John Adams, John Quincy Adams, and Andrew Johnson.[10] Around or after 12 noon, the president takes the oath of office, usually administered by the Chief Justice of the United States, and then delivers the inaugural address.

Oaths of office

Bill Clinton takes the oath of office from Chief Justice William Rehnquist during his 1993 presidential inauguration on January 20, 1993.



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Since 1937, the vice president-elect takes the oath of office at the same ceremony as the president-elect; before then, the vice presidential oath was administered in the Senate. The vice-president-elect takes the oath first. Unlike the president, the United States Constitution does not specify an oath of office for the vice president. Several variants of the oath have been used since 1789; the current form, which is also recited by Senators, Representatives, and other government officers, has been in use since 1884:

I, AB, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. So help me God.[11]

Immediately after the vice-presidential oath, the United States Marine Band will perform four ruffles and flourishes, followed by Hail, Columbia.

At noon, the new presidential and vice presidential terms begin. At about that time, the president-elect takes the oath of office, traditionally administered by the Chief Justice of the United States, using the form mandated in Article II, Section 1 of the United States Constitution:

I <name> do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.

According to Washington Irving‘s biography of George Washington, in the first inauguration, President Washington added the words “so help me God” after accepting the oath. This is confirmed by Donald R. Kennon, Chief Historian, United States Capitol Historical Society.[12] However, the only contemporaneous source that fully reproduced Washington’s oath completely lacks the religious codicil.[13] The first newspaper report that actually described the exact words used in an oath of office, Chester Arthur’s in 1881,[14] repeated the “query-response” method where the words, “so help me God” were a personal prayer, not a part of the constitutional oath. The time of adoption of the current procedure, where both the chief justice and the president speak the oath, is unknown.

There is no requirement that any book, or in particular a book of sacred text, be used to administer the oath, and none is mentioned in the Constitution. With the use of the Bible being customary for oaths, at least in the 18th and 19th centuries, a Bible was generally used. Several presidents were sworn in on the George Washington Inaugural Bible.[citation needed] On some occasions, the particular passage to which it was opened has been recorded, as below. John Quincy Adams was sworn in on a book of laws.[15] At his 1963 swearing aboard Air Force One, Lyndon Johnson was sworn on a Catholic missal that belonged to his predecessor.[16][17]In addition, Franklin Pierce is definitely known to have affirmed rather than sworn by using a Law Book. There are conflicting reports concerning Herbert Hoover, but the use of a Bible is recorded and suggests that he swore in the usual fashion. Barack Obama used the Lincoln Bible for his oaths in 2009 and 2013.[18] In 2013 Obama also used a Bible that belonged to Martin Luther King, Jr..[19]


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The presidential oath has been administered by 15 chief justices, one associate justice, and two New York state judges (including only those administered at the inauguration).

Immediately after the presidential oath, the United States Marine Band will perform four ruffles and flourishes, followed by Hail to the Chief, while simultaneously, a 21-gun salute is fired using artillery pieces from the Presidential Guns Salute Battery, 3d United States Infantry Regiment “The Old Guard” located in Taft Park, north of the Capitol. The actual gun salute begins with the first ruffle and flourish, and ‘run long’ (i.e. the salute concludes after Hail to the Chief has ended).

Inaugural address

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The first inaugural address, in full, made by Barack Obama after being sworn in as the forty-fourth President of the United States on January 20, 2009. (Duration: 18 minutes, 58 seconds)

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Newly sworn-in presidents usually give a speech referred to as an inaugural address. Until William McKinley‘s first inaugural address in 1897, the president elect traditionally gave the address before taking the oath; McKinley requested the change so that he could reiterate the words of the oath at the close of his address. John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson and Chester A. Arthur gave no address, but addressed Congress four months later.[10] In each of these cases, the incoming president was succeeding a president who had died in office, and was not elected as president in the next election. Gerald Ford addressed the nation via broadcast after taking the oath, but he characterized his speech as “Not an inaugural address, not a fireside chat, not a campaign speech—just a little straight talk among friends.”[20] Fifty-four addresses have been given by thirty-seven presidents. George Washington‘s second address was the shortest (135 words), and William Henry Harrison delivered the longest (8,495 words).

Religious elements and poems

The Reverend Donn Moomawdelivers the invocation at the first inauguration of Ronald Reagan, 1981

Since 1937, the ceremony has incorporated two or more prayers. Musical works and poetry readings have been included on occasion.[21]

Other elements

Congressional luncheon

Since 1953, the president and vice president have been guests of honor at a luncheon held by the leadership of the United States Congress immediately following the inaugural ceremony. The luncheon is held in Statuary Hall and is organized by the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, and attended by the leadership of both houses of Congress as well as guests of the president and vice president. By tradition, the outgoing president and vice president do not attend.

Presidential Procession to the White House

Since Thomas Jefferson‘s second inaugural on March 4, 1805, it has become a tradition for the president to parade down Pennsylvania Avenue from the Capitol to the White House. The only president not to parade down Pennsylvania Avenue was Ronald Reagan in his second inauguration in 1985, due to freezing cold temperatures made dangerous by high winds. Reagan paraded down Pennsylvania Avenue during his first inauguration, in 1981, amid the celebrations that broke out across the country because of news just minutes into his term that the 52 American hostages held in Iran for the previous 444 days had been released. In 1977, Jimmy Carter walked from the Capitol to the White House, although for security reasons, subsequent presidents have walked only a part of the way.

Inaugural Parade

The Inaugural Parade on Pennsylvania Avenue passes the presidential reviewing stand in front of the White House in January 2005.

Following the arrival of the presidential entourage to the White House, it is customary for the president, vice-president, their respective families and leading members of the government and military to review an Inaugural Parade from an enclosed stand at the edge of the North Lawn. The parade, which proceeds along the 1.5 miles of Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the stand and the Front Lawn in view of the presidential party, features both military and civilian participants from all 50 states and the District of Columbia; this parade largely evolved from the post-inaugural procession to the White House, and occurred as far back as the second Jefferson inauguration, when shipmen from the Washington Navy Yard and musicians accompanied Jefferson on foot as he rode on horseback from the Capitol to the White House. This was expanded in 1837 with horse-drawn displays akin to parade floats being paraded with the president, and the 1847 inaugural ceremonies, including the procession, parade and festivities, were the first to be organized by an official organizing committee. However, the 1829 inauguration of Andrew Jackson saw serious overcrowding of the White House by well-wishers during the “Open House” held following the inauguration. The 1885 inauguration of Grover Cleveland saw the post-inaugural Open House evolve into a presidential review of the troops from a grandstand in front of the White House. Since 1885, the presidential review has included both military and civilian contingencies. The 1953 Parade was the largest and most elaborate ever staged.[22] The presidential review has also made milestones, with the 1865 parade being the first to include African-Americans, the 1917 parade being the first to include female participants, and the 2009 parade being the first to include openly lesbian and gay participants.

Prayer service

A tradition of a national prayer service, usually the day after the inauguration, dates back to George Washington and since Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the prayer service has been held at the Washington National Cathedral.[23] This is not the same as the Inaugural Prayer, a tradition also began by Washington, when on June 1, 1789, Methodist Bishops Francis Asbury and Thomas Coke, Rev. John Dickins, the pastor of Old St. George’s (America’s oldest Methodist Church) and Major Thomas Morrell, one of President Washington’s former aide-de-camps called upon Washington in New York City.[24] This tradition resumed in 1985 with President Reagan and continues under the auspices of a Presidential Inaugural Prayer Committee based at Old St. Georges.

Security

The security for the inaugural celebrations is a complex matter, involving the Secret Service, Department of Homeland Security, Federal Protective Service (DHS-FPS), all five branches of the Armed Forces, the Capitol Police, the United States Park Police (USPP), and the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia (MPDC). Federal law enforcement agencies also sometimes request assistance from various other state and local law-enforcement agencies throughout the United States.

Presidential medals

Beginning with George Washington,there has been a traditional association with Inauguration festivities and the production of a presidential medal. With the District of Columbia attracting thousands of attendees for inauguration, presidential medals were an inexpensive souvenir for the tourists to remember the occasion. However, the once-simple trinket turned into an official presidential election memento. In 1901, the first Inauguration Committee on Medals and Badges was established as part of the official Inauguration Committee for the re-election of President McKinley. The Committee saw official medals as a way to raise funding for the festivities. Gold medals were to be produced as gifts for the president, vice president, and committee chair; silver medals were to be created and distributed among Inauguration Committee members; and bronze medals would be for sale for public consumption. McKinley’s medal was simple with his portrait on one side and writing on the other side.

Unlike his predecessor, when Theodore Roosevelt took his oath of office in 1905, he found the previous presidential medal unacceptable. As an art lover and admirer of the ancient Greek high-relief coins, Roosevelt wanted more than a simple medal—he wanted a work of art. To achieve this goal, the president hired Augustus Saint-Gaudens, a famous American sculptor, to design and create his inauguration medal. Saint-Gaudens’s obsession with perfection resulted in a forestalled release and the medals were distributed after the actual inauguration. However, President Roosevelt was very pleased with the result.

Saint-Gaudens’ practice of creating a portrait sculpture of the newly elected president is still used today in presidential medal creation. After the president sits for the sculptor, the resulting clay sketch is turned into a life mask and plaster model. Finishing touches are added and the epoxy cast that is created is used to produce the die cuts. The die cuts are then used to strike the president’s portrait on each medal. The most recent Presidential Inauguration Medal released was for President Obama in 2013.[26]

The Smithsonian Institution and The George Washington University hold the two most complete collections of presidential medals in the United States.

List of inaugural ceremonies

This is a list of the 57 inaugural ceremonies. Also noted (parenthetically) are the nine presidencies for which inaugurations were not celebrated. For a list of the 73 events when the presidential oath of office has been taken, see Oath of office of the President of the United States.

Date Event Location Oath Administered by[27] Document Sworn On Inaugural Addresses Notes[28]
April 30, 1789 First inauguration of George Washington Balcony of Federal Hall
New York, New York
Robert Livingston
Chancellor of New York
Washington Bible opened at random to Genesis 49:13 due to haste.[29] George Washington’s First Inaugural Address First President of the United States following the ratification of the Constitution.
March 4, 1793 Second inauguration of George Washington Senate Chamber
Congress Hall
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
William Cushing
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Unknown[30] George Washington’s Second Inaugural Address Shortest inaugural address (135 words).
March 4, 1797 Inauguration of John Adams House Chamber
Congress Hall
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Oliver Ellsworth Unknown[30] John Adams’ Inaugural Address First oath administered by the Chief Justice.
March 4, 1801 First inauguration of Thomas Jefferson Senate Chamber, U.S. Capitol John Marshall Unknown[30] Thomas Jefferson’s First Inaugural Address First time Marine Band played (done in every inauguration since);
First time address printed on the morning of the inauguration (the National Intelligencer);
First inauguration not attended by outgoing president;
First to walk to and from swearing-in ceremony (instead of carriage).
March 4, 1805 Second inauguration of Thomas Jefferson Senate Chamber, U.S. Capitol John Marshall Unknown[30] Thomas Jefferson’s Second Inaugural Address
March 4, 1809 First inauguration of James Madison House Chamber, U.S. Capitol John Marshall Unknown[30] James Madison’s First Inaugural Address
March 4, 1813 Second inauguration of James Madison House Chamber, U.S. Capitol John Marshall Unknown[30] James Madison’s Second Inaugural Address First Inaugural Ball (Long’s Hotel, tickets $4).
March 4, 1817 First inauguration of James Monroe In front of Old Brick Capitol John Marshall Unknown[30] James Monroe’s First Inaugural Address First oath and inauguration held outdoors.
March 5, 1821 Second inauguration of James Monroe House Chamber, U.S. Capitol John Marshall Unknown[30] James Monroe’s Second Inaugural Address First inauguration to fall on a Sunday – switched to Monday.
March 4, 1825 Inauguration of John Quincy Adams House Chamber, U.S. Capitol John Marshall A book of US law[31] John Quincy Adams’s Inaugural Address First president to wear long trousers instead of knee breeches.
March 4, 1829 First inauguration of Andrew Jackson East Portico, U.S. Capitol John Marshall Unknown[30] Andrew Jackson’s First Inaugural Address Second inauguration not attended by outgoing president.
March 4, 1833 Second inauguration of Andrew Jackson House Chamber, U.S. Capitol John Marshall Unknown[30] Andrew Jackson’s Second Inaugural Address Last oath administered by Marshall (nine total, from Adams to Jackson);
First time two Inaugural balls were held (Carusi’s and Central Masonic Hall).
March 4, 1837 Inauguration of Martin Van Buren East Portico, U.S. Capitol Roger B. Taney Bible open to Proverbs 3:17[30][32] Martin Van Buren’s Inaugural Address First president not born a British subject;
First time President & President-elect rode to the Capitol together for inauguration.
March 4, 1841 Inauguration of William Henry Harrison East Portico, U.S. Capitol Roger B. Taney Unknown[30] William Henry Harrison’s Inaugural Address first president to arrive in Washington, D.C. by train;
First official inaugural planning committee;
Longest Inaugural address (8,445 words)
April 6, 1841 Inauguration of John Tyler
(Extraordinary inauguration)
William Cranch First of eight Vice Presidents to assume Presidency upon the death of the President.
March 4, 1845 Inauguration of James K. Polk East Portico, U.S. Capitol Roger B. Taney Unknown James K. Polk’s Inaugural Address First Inauguration covered by telegraph;
First inauguration known to be illustrated in a newspaper (Illustrated London News).
March 5, 1849 Inauguration of Zachary Taylor East Portico, U.S. Capitol Roger B. Taney Unknown Zachary Taylor’s Inaugural Address Second case of rescheduling from Sunday to Monday;
Three inaugural balls held.
July 10, 1850 Inauguration of Millard Fillmore
(Extraordinary inauguration)
William Cranch Second of eight Vice Presidents to assume Presidency upon the death of the President
March 4, 1853 Inauguration of Franklin Pierce East Portico, U.S. Capitol Roger B. Taney Law book[30][33] Franklin Pierce’s Inaugural Address Oath affirmed (not sworn);
First speech recited entirely from memory;
Inaugural ball cancelled;
Vice President ill and sworn in while in Cuba.
March 4, 1857 Inauguration of James Buchanan East Portico, U.S. Capitol Roger B. Taney Unknown[30] James Buchanan’s Inaugural Address First inauguration known to have been photographed.
March 4, 1861 First inauguration of Abraham Lincoln East Portico, U.S. Capitol Roger B. Taney Lincoln Bible opened at random[30] Abraham Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address Procession surrounded by heavily armed cavalry and infantry (war imminent).
March 4, 1865 Second inauguration of Abraham Lincoln East Portico, U.S. Capitol Salmon P. Chase Bible open to Matthew 7:1, Matthew 18:7, Revelation 16:7[34] Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address Blacks participated in parade for the first time.
April 15, 1865 Inauguration of Andrew Johnson
(Extraordinary inauguration)
Salmon P. Chase Third of eight Vice Presidents to assume Presidency upon the death of the President.
March 4, 1869 First inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant East Portico, U.S. Capitol Salmon P. Chase Unknown[30] Ulysses S. Grant’s First Inaugural Address Third inauguration not attended by outgoing president (Johnson remained at White House signing last-minute legislation).
March 4, 1873 Second inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant East Portico, U.S. Capitol Salmon P. Chase Bible open to Isaiah 11:1-3[35] Ulysses S. Grant’s Second Inaugural Address Coldest March inauguration (16 °F at noon).
March 5, 1877 Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes East Portico, U.S. Capitol Morrison R. Waite Bible open to Psalms 118:11-13[35] Rutherford B. Hayes’s Inaugural Address (Inauguration moved to Monday)
March 4, 1881 Inauguration of James A. Garfield East Portico, U.S. Capitol Morrison R. Waite Bible open to Proverbs 21:1[35][36] James A. Garfield’s Inaugural Address First president to review the inaugural parade from a stand built in front of the White House.
September 20, 1881 Inauguration of Chester A. Arthur
(Extraordinary inauguration)
John R. Brady Fourth of eight Vice Presidents to assume Presidency upon the death of the President.
March 4, 1885 First inauguration of Grover Cleveland East Portico, U.S. Capitol Morrison R. Waite Bible opened at random by Chief Justice to Psalms 112:4-10[37] Grover Cleveland’s First Inaugural Address
March 4, 1889 Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison East Portico, U.S. Capitol Melville W. Fuller Bible open to Psalms 121:1-6[35] Benjamin Harrison’s Inaugural Address
March 4, 1893 Second inauguration of Grover Cleveland East Portico, U.S. Capitol Melville W. Fuller Bible open to Psalms 91:12-16 Grover Cleveland’s Second Inaugural Address
March 4, 1897 First inauguration of William McKinley In front of Original Senate Wing
U.S. Capitol
Melville W. Fuller Bible open to 2 Chronicles 1:10[38] William McKinley’s First Inaugural Address First inauguration recorded by a motion picture camera;
First President with glass-enclosed reviewing stand for the parade.
March 4, 1901 Second inauguration of William McKinley East Portico, U.S. Capitol Melville W. Fuller Bible open to Proverbs 16[35] William McKinley’s Second Inaugural Address First time House joined with Senate in inauguration ceremony planning.
September 14, 1901 First inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt
(Extraordinary inauguration)
Buffalo, New York at the Ainsley Wilcox Mansion on Delaware Avenue John R. Hazel Fifth of eight Vice Presidents to assume Presidency upon the death of the President.
March 4, 1905 Second inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt East Portico, U.S. Capitol Melville W. Fuller Bible open to James 1:22-23[35] Theodore Roosevelt’s Inaugural Address First inauguration with telephone lines installed at the Capitol.
March 4, 1909 Inauguration of William Howard Taft Senate Chamber, U.S. Capitol Melville W. Fuller Bible open to 1 Kings 3:9-11[35] William Howard Taft’s Inaugural Address First Lady accompanied for first time on ride from the Capitol to the White House following inauguration;
Blizzard required major effort to clear for parade.
March 4, 1913 First inauguration of Woodrow Wilson East Portico, U.S. Capitol Edward D. White Bible open to Psalm 119[35] Woodrow Wilsons First Inaugural Address Inaugural ball suspended for the first time since 1853 (upon Wilson’s request).
March 5, 1917 Second inauguration of Woodrow Wilson East Portico, U.S. Capitol Edward D. White Bible open to Psalm 46[39] Woodrow Wilson’s Second Inaugural Address First President to take the oath of office on Sunday;
First Lady accompanied for first time both to and from the Capitol;
First time women participated in the parade.
March 4, 1921 Inauguration of Warren G. Harding East Portico, U.S. Capitol Edward D. White Washington Bible open to Micah 6:8[35] Warren Harding’s Inaugural Address Fourth (and most recent) inauguration not attended by outgoing president;
First time a president rode to and from event in an automobile.
August 3, 1923 First inauguration of Calvin Coolidge
(Extraordinary inauguration)
John Calvin Coolidge, Sr. Sixth of eight Vice Presidents to assume Presidency upon the death of the President;
Sworn in by his father (a state notary public).
March 4, 1925 Second inauguration of Calvin Coolidge East Portico, U.S. Capitol William H. Taft Bible open to John 1[30] Calvin Coolidge’s Inaugural Address First inaugural ceremony broadcast nationally by radio;
First oath administered by a former president (as Chief Justice).
March 4, 1929 Inauguration of Herbert Hoover East Portico, U.S. Capitol William H. Taft Bible open to Proverbs 29:18[35] Herbert Hoover’s Inaugural Address First inaugural ceremony recorded by talking newsreel.
March 4, 1933 First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt East Portico, U.S. Capitol Charles E. Hughes Bible open to1 Corinthians 13:13[40] Franklin Roosevelt’s First Inaugural Address First morning worship service (St. John’s Church).
January 20, 1937 Second inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt East Portico, U.S. Capitol Charles E. Hughes Bible open to I Corinthians 13 Franklin Roosevelt’s Second Inaugural Address First held on January 20 (per 20th Amendment).
January 20, 1941 Third inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt East Portico, U.S. Capitol Charles E. Hughes Bible open to I Corinthians 13 Franklin Roosevelt’s Third Inaugural Address First and (per 22nd Amendment) only case of a 3rd term inauguration.
January 20, 1945 Fourth inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt South Portico, White House Harlan F. Stone Bible open to I Corinthians 13 Franklin Roosevelt’s Fourth Inaugural Address Oldest oath Bible (1686) and the only one written in a modern foreign language (Dutch);
This bible was used by FDR for all four of his oaths;
No parade or formal celebration (wartime restrictions);
First and (per 22nd Amendment) only case of a 4th term inauguration.
April 12, 1945 First inauguration of Harry S. Truman
(Extraordinary inauguration)
Harlan F. Stone Seventh of eight Vice Presidents to assume Presidency upon the death of the President.
January 20, 1949 Second inauguration of Harry S. Truman East Portico, U.S. Capitol
*First inauguration to be televised[41]
Frederick M. Vinson Bible open to Exodus 20:3-17and Matthew 5:3-11[42] Harry S. Truman’s Inaugural Address First televised inaugural ceremony.
January 20, 1953 First inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower East Portico, U.S. Capitol Frederick M. Vinson Washington Bible open to Psalm 127:1 and a West Point Bible open to II Chronicles 7:14[43] Dwight Eisenhower’s First Inaugural Address Broke precedent by reciting his own prayer after taking the oath, rather than kissing the Bible.
January 21, 1957 Second inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower East Portico, U.S. Capitol Earl Warren West Point Bible open to Psalm 33:12[44][45] Dwight Eisenhower’s Second Inaugural Address Inauguration held on Monday after Sunday oath.
January 20, 1961 Inauguration of John F. Kennedy East Portico, U.S. Capitol Earl Warren Closed family Bible[46][47] John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address First poet participation (Robert Frost);
First and only Catholic president;
First color televised inaugural ceremony.
November 22, 1963) First inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson
(Extraordinary inauguration)
Air Force One Sarah T. Hughes Missal that belonged to President Kennedy[16][17] Last of eight Vice Presidents to assume Presidency upon the death of the President;
First and only presidential oath taken on an airplane;
First and only woman to administer oath (U.S. District Judge).
January 20, 1965 Second inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson East Portico, U.S. Capitol Earl Warren Closed family Bible[30][48] Lyndon Johnson’s Inaugural Address First use of a bullet-proof limousine.
January 20, 1969 First inauguration of Richard Nixon East Portico, U.S. Capitol Earl Warren Bible open to Isaiah 2:4[40] Richard Nixon’s First Inaugural Address Oath taken on two Bibles (family heirlooms);
Three-faith prayer service.
January 20, 1973 Second inauguration of Richard Nixon East Portico, U.S. Capitol Warren E. Burger Bible open to Isaiah 2:4[49] Richard Nixon’s Second Inaugural Address
August 9, 1974 Inauguration of Gerald Ford
(Extraordinary inauguration)
East Room, White House Warren E. Burger Only Vice President to assume Presidency upon the resignation of the President;
First and only unelected vice president to succeed to presidency.
January 20, 1977 Inauguration of Jimmy Carter East Portico, U.S. Capitol Warren E. Burger Bible open to Micah 6:8[50][51] Jimmy Carter’s Inaugural Address First president to walk from the Capitol to the White House in the parade following the swearing-in ceremony;
First president to have been sworn in using his nickname.[52]
January 20, 1981 First inauguration of Ronald Reagan West Front, U.S. Capitol Warren E. Burger Family Bible open to 2 Chronicles 7:14[30] Ronald Reagan’s First Inaugural Address Warmest inauguration on record (55 °F at noon).
January 21, 1985 Second inauguration of Ronald Reagan Rotunda, U.S. Capitol Warren E. Burger Family Bible open to 2 Chronicles 7:14[30] Ronald Reagan’s Second Inaugural Address Coldest inauguration on record (7 °F at noon);
Inauguration held on Monday after Sunday oath.
January 20, 1989 Inauguration of George H. W. Bush West Front, U.S. Capitol William Rehnquist Washington Bible opened at random in the center and a family Bible on top opened to Matthew 5[30] George H. W. Bush’s Inaugural Address
January 20, 1993 First inauguration of Bill Clinton West Front, U.S. Capitol William Rehnquist Bible open to Galatians 6:8[30] Bill Clinton’s First Inaugural Address
January 20, 1997 Second inauguration of Bill Clinton West Front, U.S. Capitol William Rehnquist Bible open to Isaiah 58:12[53] Bill Clinton’s Second Inaugural Address First inauguration made available live on the internet.
January 20, 2001 First inauguration of George W. Bush West Front, U.S. Capitol William Rehnquist Closed family Bible[30][54] George W. Bush’s First Inaugural Address
January 20, 2005 Second inauguration of George W. Bush West Front, U.S. Capitol William Rehnquist Open family bible; same one used in 1989 and 2001 open to Isaiah 40:31[30] George W. Bush’s Second Inaugural Address First live webcam of inaugural platform construction;
First inauguration with secure inaugural credentials;
First anti-counterfeiting security designed into the tickets;
Largest inaugural platform to date.
January 20, 2009 First inauguration of Barack Obama[55] West Front, U.S. Capitol John G. Roberts Closed Lincoln Bible[56] Barack Obama’s First Inaugural Address First black president;
Largest attendance of any event in the history of Washington, DC;
Highest viewership ever of the swearing-in ceremonies on the Internet;
First woman to emcee the ceremony (Sen. Dianne Feinstein);
First inaugural webcast to include captioning.
January 21, 2013 Second inauguration of Barack Obama [57] West Front, U.S. Capitol John G. Roberts Lincoln Bible and a Bible owned by Martin Luther King, Jr.[58] Barack Obama’s Second Inaugural Address
January 20, 2017 Inauguration of Donald Trump West Front, U.S. Capitol John G. Roberts TBA TBA
Date Event Location Administered by[27] Document Sworn On[30] Inaugural Addresses (Texts from Wikisource) Notes[28]

DONALD J TRUMP

Donald John Trump (/ˈdɒnəld ɒn trʌmp/; born June 14, 1946) is an American businessman and politician who is President-elect of the United States as well as chairman and president of The Trump Organization, the principal holding company for his real estate ventures and other business interests. He has stated the intention to vacate the latter positions prior to his assumption of the presidency. During his career, Trump has built office towers, hotels, casinos, golf courses, and other branded facilities worldwide.

Trump was born and raised in New York City and received a bachelor’s degree in economics from the Wharton Schoolof the University of Pennsylvania in 1968. In 1971 he was given control of his father Fred Trump‘s real estate and construction firm and later renamed it The Trump Organization, rising to public prominence shortly thereafter. Trump has appeared at the Miss USA pageants, which he owned from 1996 to 2015, and has made cameo appearances in films and television series. He sought the Reform Party presidential nomination in 2000, but withdrew before voting began. He hosted and co-produced The Apprentice, a reality television series on NBC, from 2004 to 2015. As of 2016, he was listed by Forbes as the 324th wealthiest person in the world, and 156th in the United States, with a net worth of $3.7 billion in October 2016.[3]

In June 2015, Trump announced his candidacy for president as a Republican and quickly emerged as the front-runner for his party’s nomination. In May 2016, his remaining Republican rivals suspended their campaigns, and in July he was formally nominated for president at the 2016 Republican National Convention. Trump’s campaign received unprecedented media coverage and international attention. Many of his statements in interviews, on Twitter, and at campaign rallies have been controversial or false. Several rallies during the primaries were accompanied by protests or riots. On October 7, a 2005 audio recording surfaced in which Trump bragged about forcibly kissing and groping women or being able to do so; multiple women accused him of similar conduct shortly thereafter. He apologized for the 2005 comments and denied the allegations, describing them as part of a wider smear campaign.

Trump’s platform included renegotiation of U.S.–China trade deals, opposition to particular trade agreements such as NAFTA and the Trans-Pacific Partnership, stronger enforcement of immigration laws together with building a wall along the U.S.–Mexico border, reform of veterans‘ care, repeal and replacement of the Affordable Care Act, and tax cuts. Following the November 2015 Paris attacks, Trump called for a temporary ban on Muslim immigration, later stating that the ban would focus instead on countries with a proven history of terrorism, until the screening for potential terrorists is improved.

He was elected President on November 8, 2016, defeating Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton, and will take office January 20, 2017. At 70 years old, he will be the oldest person to assume the presidency.

DONALD J TRUMP HISTORY

Donald Trump August 19, 2015 (cropped).jpg
President-elect of the United States
Taking office
January 20, 2017
Vice President Mike Pence (elect)
Succeeding Barack Obama
Personal details
Born Donald John Trump
June 14, 1946 (age 70)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political party Republican (1987–1999, 2009–2011, 2012–present)
Other political
affiliations
Democratic (before 1987, 2001–2009)
Reform (1999–2001)
Independent (2011–2012)[1][2]
Spouse(s)
Children
Alma mater Fordham University
University of Pennsylvania (BS)

LYNN NEWS

LYNN — Lynn City Council President Daniel Cahill said Dec. 8 is the scheduled date for a hearing to discuss a charter school proposed for the old Item building located at 38 Exchange St.

The school, tentatively named the Central Square Charter School, has been in the planning stages since May of 2012. Lynn resident Frank DeVito is spearheading the planning.

“There are two levels why I’m doing this,” DeVito said. “The first level is I have huge concerns over what is going on in public education. There is a huge divide in what it can offer poor and minority students. Wealthier cities and towns have more options to bring the kids the kind of programs that will prepare them for a career and college.”

When Essex Media Group purchased the Item in 2014, the deal did not include the building at 38 Exchange St. The building was subsequently sold at auction on July 15 and the transaction was completed in late September.

Winchester-based US1 Ventures was the buyer listed at auction and company President Christine Diarbakerly on Thursday said the charter school proposal is one of several options for the Item building’s reuse.

“We have a wide variety of options. We still do not know what direction we are going with the building,” Diarbakerly said.

The State Department of Education’s website on Wednesday listed a Nov. 23 Lynn City Hall hearing on DeVito’s proposal, but Cahill said local officials’ preference is to schedule a hearing on a Tuesday in December when City Hall is open after 4 p.m.

Initially, the proposed school will serve grades 5-6, with a total student enrollment of 160 students. Officials plan to expand the school each year by a grade, and by the seventh year it will reach full enrollment serving grades 5-12, with 640 total students.

DeVito said the Item building is part of the school’s proposed larger mission of educating students in the city’s center and making them aware of the neighborhoods around Central Square.

“The whole premise of the school is that it is engaging kids through social entrepreneurship,” DeVito said. “Kids will look at community issues and problems and learn math and science through solving these problems.”

The school has sent a final application to the Department of Education, and its founding team will be meeting with the DOE in January. A final decision on the school will be made by the Department in February.

DeVito says he hopes after approval from the DOE that the school will open in 2017.

LYNN — A 27-year-old Lynn man was shot Wednesday night on Pinkham Place, Lynn Police Lt. Rick Donnelly said.

Lynn Police responded to Salem Hospital at 11:22 p.m. Wednesday on a report of a shooting victim. Officers met with a 27-year-old Asian male from Lynn who reported he had been shot on Pinkham Place earlier that evening at about 11 p.m., Donnelly said.

“The victim had a non-life threatening gunshot wound to the left palm of his hand,” Donnelly said. The bullet appeared to have entered his palm and exited through the back of his hand.”

The victim could only tell police officers that he was approached by two male suspects and was shot by one of them. He was not able to provide any other description, Donnelly said.

“Lynn Police officers and detectives responded to Pinkham Place and processed the scene,” Donnelly said. “One .40 caliber shell casing was found on Pinkham Place and placed into evidence.”

LYNN− Lynn officials plan to discuss a proposed charter school that would be housed in the old Daily Item building located at 38 Exchange St at a future hearing.

Lynn City Council President Dan Cahill said the City is looking for a tentative date of Dec. 8 to hold the hearing.

The school, tentatively named the Central Square Charter School, has been in the planning stages since May of 2012. Lynn resident Frank DeVito is spearheading the planning.

“There are two levels why I’m doing this,” DeVito said. “The first level is I have huge concerns over what is going on in public education. There is a huge divide in what it can offer poor and minority students. Wealthier cities and towns have more options to bring the kids the kind of programs that will prepare them for a career and college.”

The State Department of Education’s website on Wednesday, listed a Nov. 23 Lynn City Hall hearing on DeVito’s proposal, but Cahill said, local officials’ preference is to schedule a hearing on a Tuesday in December when City Hall is open after 4 p.m.

Initially, the school will serve grades 5-6, with a total student enrollment of 160 students. Officials plan to expand the school each year by a grade, and by the seventh year it will reach full enrollment serving grades 5-12, with 640 total students.

DeVito said the Item building is part of the school’s proposed larger mission of educating students in the city’s center and making them aware of the neighborhoods around Central Square.

“The whole premise of the school is that it is engaging kids through social entrepreneurship,” DeVito said. “Kids will look at community issues and problems and learn math and science through solving these problems.”

When the Daily Item was purchased in 2014 by Essex media Group, the deal did not include the building at 38 Exchange St. The building was subsequently sold at auction on July 15 and the transaction was completed this fall.

The school has sent a final application to the Department of Education, and its founding team will be meeting with the DOE in January. A final decision on the school will be made by the Department in February.

DeVito says he hopes after approval from the DOE, that the school will open in 2017.

ELECTION 2016

 

The battleground map is shifting once again in Donald Trump’s favor, according to the latest Fox News Electoral Scorecard, portending a potentially tight race Tuesday against Hillary Clinton, who continues to hold the electoral-vote advantage.

According to an update to the scorecard released Monday, Clinton can still get to the necessary 270 electoral votes by winning all the states rated “solid” or “leaning” Democratic.

But just barely. Doing so would get Clinton to 274.

Trump is looking at a narrow – but expanding – path to 270, and he could win by snatching up the toss-ups and flipping at least one state currently seen as leaning toward Clinton.

WASHINGTON STATE ELECTOR SAYS HE WON’T VOTE FOR CLINTON 

The following updates were made Monday morning to the Fox News Decision Team’s ratings for key battlegrounds:

See the Fox News 2016 battleground prediction map and make your own election projections. See Predictions Map →

  • Arizona changes from “toss up” to “lean Republican”
  • Iowa changes from “toss up” to “lean Republican”
  • Nevada changes from “toss up” to “lean Democrat”
  • North Carolina changes from “lean Democrat” to “toss up”
  • Utah changes from “toss up” to “lean Republican”

All but the rating change in Nevada reflect an improving picture for the Republican nominee, even as the latest polls show a mixed picture. A Fox News poll released Monday morning showed Clinton expanding her lead to 4 points nationally.

If Trump wins the “solid Republican” states along with those currently seen as leaning in his direction he’d come away with 215 electoral votes. Winning the toss-up states and their 49 electoral votes wouldn’t be enough for Trump — he’d have to steal a blue state.

Trump and Clinton are both keeping an aggressive campaign schedule on the eve of the election, trying to drive out supporters in the final swing.

Trump, speaking Monday in Saratoga, Fla., the first of five rallies, said if he wins, “corrupt politicians and their donors lose.”

On the heels of the FBI once again closing its Clinton email investigation, he said: “Now it’s time for the American people to deliver justice at the ballot box.”

Before embarking on a final campaign swing through three battleground states, Clinton told reporters that she has “some work to do to bring the country together” and that she wants to be president for those who vote for her and those who don’t.

In the latest ratings, North Carolina was shifted to “toss up” amid a heated race for the critical battleground.

Clinton long held a small lead in the polls there, but the race has tightened to the point where neither candidate has a clear advantage.

Utah has been a hard state to gauge, with independent candidate Evan McMullin surging in several October polls. McMullin could still potentially surprise Tuesday night, but Trump now seems to have the advantage.

Nevada, meanwhile, is shifting to “lean Democrat” as early voting in the state suggests a turnout surge among Hispanic voters coming out against Trump.

BIKE COMPUTER

Bike Computer, cycle and feel safe!

 

Cyclometers and GPS tracking apps dedicated for cyclists have been around for years, yet most of them are missing a key feature for the safety conscious cyclists. This app upgrades your phone, making it the best BIKE COMPUTER ever! We put safety first! It has an additional ‘PREMIUM’ feature ‘KEEP ME SAFE™’ which is an accident detection system.

 

 

Idea

 

The idea behind the improvement of the safety functionality of cyclometers came after a team member ended in the emergency room with a concussion, and wasn’t able to contact anyone. No one knew what had happened to him, or where he was, it was a dreaded night of tracing his tracks in order to find him. This very experience kicked the team in gear to develop a safety feature that the current slew of cyclometer apps are lacking.

 

Venikom didn’t stop there, they dedicated two years of research and development, and additionally recruited pro cyclists as advisors before Bike Computer came to fruition. The aim of the project was to give something different to cyclists, or at least a complementary app to their current roster of favorite apps.

 

Bike Computer is 12% more efficient in terms of energy consumption compared to the current highly rated apps such as Strava, RunKeeper, Endomondo, and others. While at the same time it has a deep integration with Strava, which lets you easily synchronize your activities.

 

Check out their brand new video :

 

 

 

 

 

What Is Next?

 

The team isn’t ready to call it a day, they are currently developing a Live Tracking feature. The Live Tracking feature would enable a coach to monitor the cyclist performance and send back appropriate advice, and a lightweight power bank that would extend the active running time of the Bike Computer for additional 15 hours.

 

Register Now And Get The KEEP ME SAFE Feature For Free!

 

Bike Computer is a freemium app available on Google Play Store and iTunes.

 

The Android version can be found HERE Android: https://goo.gl/ZEjEOb

 

The iOS version is  HERE: https://goo.gl/kPGtx3

 

If you register in the first 60 days, the KEEP ME SAFE mode will be available free for the first year, after the promotional period the price will be $49 annually.

2016 ELECTIONS

Hillary Clinton didn’t just lose New Hampshire – she got clobbered, losing to rival Bernie Sanders across virtually every demographic.

Despite the campaign’s attempt to downplay the defeat as “long anticipated,” the astonishing turnout for Sanders now raises serious questions about the former secretary of state’s appeal going into the next round of contests – not just South Carolina, but Nevada and the many delegate-heavy states that vote in March.

Republicans were all too eager to point out that the Democrats’ longtime front-runner has a problem on her hands.

“The word momentum is very important, and certainly, there’s not a lot of momentum there,” Donald Trump, the Republican winner Tuesday night, told Fox News.

Whether Clinton is facing a 2008-level crisis remains to be seen. Democratic strategist Joe Trippi said the “test” for Sanders will be whether he can expand his support to black and Latino voters, or if New Hampshire was his “high water mark.”

The Clinton campaign minces no words in suggesting that once states with a bigger minority population vote, Clinton will recover.

“The nomination will very likely be won in March, not February, and we believe that Hillary Clinton is well positioned to build a strong – potentially insurmountable – delegate lead next month,” campaign manager Robby Mook said in a memo Tuesday night, noting the electorates in the first two contests are largely rural/suburban and white.

But Clinton, who won New Hampshire in 2008, still lost across virtually every voting group Tuesday including women, exit polls show.

The exit polling showed Sanders won among women, 55-44 percent; among moderates, 58-39 percent; and among voters under 50 by a huge margin.

Sanders won across voters of every education level and every income level – except for those making over $200,000, among whom Clinton had the edge.

The major demo won by Clinton Tuesday night was the over-65 bloc, which backed her 55-44 percent.

Overall, Sanders won the state, 60-38 percent.

Clinton still leads heavily in the polls in critical states like South Carolina and Florida, and it’s unclear whether Sanders will be able to transfer his momentum from the Northeast – his home turf – to the South.

While non-Hispanic white residents make up more than 91 percent of the New Hampshire population, Census figures show they make up just 62 percent of the overall U.S. population – meaning minority voters will be a bigger factor going forward.

In New Hampshire, though, exit polls show Clinton only won the state’s small non-white demographic by a single percentage point.

The exit polling data in the Granite State still holds troubling signs for the campaign. She lost big among voters looking for a candidate who is honest and trustworthy – though won among voters whose priority in a candidate is experience. It’s a factor Clinton is likely to hit hard in the days ahead, as she squares her foreign policy record at the State Department against Sanders’ – whose main foreign policy resume item was his vote against the Iraq war, which he mentioned again at his victory rally Tuesday night.

“Tonight we serve notice to the political and economic establishment of this country,” Sanders declared.

Meanwhile, Clinton’s loss revives speculation about a possible campaign shake-up.

The Clinton campaign had denied such reports before the New Hampshire vote.

But while Clinton also told MSNBC on Monday she has “no idea what they’re talking about or who they are talking to” regarding the Politico piece, she did acknowledge her campaign is “going to take stock.” Reports indicate the campaign may be looking more to add staff — rather than fire people.

The Republicans, meanwhile, charge into South Carolina and Nevada with the race remaining tight and unpredictable. Trump scored a decisive win over the rest of the Republican field, recovering after his second-place finish last week in Iowa to Texas Sen. Ted Cruz.

But Ohio Gov. John Kasich, among the worst performers in Iowa, scored second in New Hampshire. And the race for third was tight, potentially giving every candidate in the top five a reason to keep running.

Cruz was ultimately declared the third-place finisher by Wednesday, followed by former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush and Florida Sen. Marco Rubio.

All three are indeed vowing to keep charging ahead. Bush told CBS News on Wednesday that the field will “whittle down” and he is a “patient person.”

Cruz potentially heads to more friendly territory in South Carolina, looking to build on his Iowa win which was aided by the strength of the evangelical vote. And Rubio, who stumbled in a rocky debate performance Saturday, vowed to supporters Tuesday that he’ll keep fighting and a performance like that “will never happen again

 

 

NORTH CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA George W. Bush returned to the campaign trail on Monday for the first time since he left the White House, mounting a defense of his legacy and his brother Jeb’s campaign after both were targeted by Donald Trump during the South Carolina Republican debate last weekend.

The former President issued a series of thinly-veiled attacks on Trump and touted his brother as a “steady hand” in a time of emerging national security threats.

“I understand that Americans are angry and frustrated but we do not need someone in the Oval Office who mirrors and inflames our frustration,” George W. Bush told a crowd of 3,000 gathered in North Charleston. “We need someone who can fix the problems that cause our anger and frusturation, and that’s Jeb Bush.”

George W. Bush never mentioned the Republican frontrunner’s name, but the contrast he drew between “his big little brother” and Trump was obvious as he defined “real strength” coming from “integrity and character.”

“Strength is not empty rhetoric, it is not bluster,” George W. Bush said, flanked on stage by former First Lady Laura Bush and South Carolina Sen. Lindsey Graham, who has endorsed Jeb’s campaign. “And in my experience, the strongest person usually isn’t the loudest one in the room.

 

Jeb Bush spoke directly after his brother, ditching his signature eyeglasses and delivering one of the more impassioned speeches of his campaign — embracing his brother’s record in the same words he used during the GOP debate Saturday.

“While Donald Trump was building a reality TV show, my brother was building a security apparatus to keep us safe and I’m proud of what he did,” he said.

Bush called it “weird” for Trump to discuss “impeaching a Republican two-term president who is extraordinarily popular for good reason among Republicans” on the debate stage.

“Some of the dialogue back and forth made me wonder – if closed my eyes, I thought it was Michael Moore on the stage,” Jeb joked.

But Bush said the campaign was bigger than Trump.

“I can beat Hillary Clinton. I can promise you that,” he told a roaring crowd, which appeared as equally enamored with him as they were with his brother. “The only way we win is to do what Republicans, when they win, always do. Campaign like George W. did. Campaign like Ronald Reagan did.”

The younger Bush has been reluctant for most of the race to publicly draw on his brother’s support, but he finally decided to put his brother to work in South Carolina, with its heavy population of veterans and multiple military bases.

It remains to be seen whether this gambit will pay off. While it’s true the former president is personally popular in the state and won a competitive primary in South Carolina, that was sixteen years ago.

The crowd here, though, only wished that he had come out onto the trail sooner.

“Bringing in his brother would have brought more spotlight to him than he got,” Aaron Holley, an undecided Republican voter from Charleston, told CBS News. “I think bringing in George was a good idea. And I think he should have done it earlier.”

George W. Bush privately met with South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley prior to his appearance in Columbia, South Carolina. He praised the nation’s first Indian-American woman to become Governor. Haley’s endorsement is highly coveted — especially by the campaigns of Bush and Marco Rubio.

“Thank goodness our country welcomed her parents from India when they immigrated here in 1969,” George W. Bush said of Haley.

 

Donald Trump is now leading Saturday’s South Carolina Republican primary by 5 points – down from his 16-point lead in the state a month ago, according to results from a new NBC News/Wall Street Journal/Marist poll.

Trump gets support from 28 percent of likely Republican primary voters in the state, while Ted Cruz gets 23 percent. They’re followed by Marco Rubio at 15 percent, Jeb Bush at 13 percent and John Kasich and Ben Carson at 9 percent each.

 

 

 

Feb 23: Nevada Republican Caucus

In the United States, Super Tuesday, in general, refers to the Tuesday in February or March of a presidential election year when the greatest number of states holdprimary elections to select delegates to national conventions at which each party’s presidential candidates are officially nominated. The phrase “Super Tuesday”[1]has been used to refer to presidential primary elections since at least 1976.[2] More delegates can be won on Super Tuesday than on any other single day of the primary calendar; accordingly, candidates seeking the presidency traditionally must do well on this day to secure their party’s nomination. In 2008, Super Tuesday was February 5; 24 states held primaries or caucuses on this date, with 52% of all pledged Democratic Party delegates and 49% of the total Republican Partydelegates at stake.[3] The 2016 Super Tuesday will be held on March 1.

Since Super Tuesday primaries are typically held in a large number of states from geographically and socially diverse regions of the country, Super Tuesday typically represents a presidential candidate’s first test of national electability. Convincing wins in Super Tuesday primaries have usually propelled candidates to their party’s nomination. The particular states holding primaries on Super Tuesday have varied from year to year.

 

 

1976–2000

The 1984 primary season had three “Super Tuesdays”.[4] Decided on “Super Tuesday III” were delegates from five states: South DakotaNew MexicoWest Virginia,California and New Jersey.[5] The proportional nature of delegate selection meant that Walter Mondale was likely to obtain enough delegates on that day to secure the support of a majority of delegates and hence the nomination, no matter who actually “won” the states contested. However, Gary Hart maintained that unpledgedsuperdelegates that had previously claimed support for Mondale would shift to his side if he swept the Super Tuesday III primary.[6] Once again, Hart committed afaux pas, insulting New Jersey shortly before the primary day. Campaigning in California, he remarked that while the “bad news” was that he and his wife Lee had to campaign separately, “[t]he good news for her is that she campaigns in California while I campaign in New Jersey.” Compounding the problem, when his wife interjected that she “got to hold a koala bear“, Hart replied that “I won’t tell you what I got to hold: samples from a toxic waste dump.”[6] While Hart won California, he lost New Jersey after leading in polls by as much as 15 points. Mondale secured the majority of delegates from the primaries, leading the way for him to take the Democratic nomination.[4] (The 1984 Republican Party primaries were uncontested as incumbent President Ronald Reagan was the assured nominee).[citation needed]

The phrase “Super Tuesday” was next used to describe the primary elections that took place on March 8, 1988, in the Southern states of TexasFloridaTennessee,LouisianaOklahomaMississippiKentuckyAlabama, and Georgia leading up to the 1988 November election. In the 1988 Democratic Party primariesSouthern Democrats came up with the idea of a regional primary in an effort to nominate a moderate candidate who would more closely represent their interests. (Their plan ultimately did not succeed as Dick GephardtJesse JacksonAl Gore, and Michael Dukakis split the Super Tuesday primaries, and Dukakis was subsequently nominated.) Meanwhile, George H.W. Bush secured most of the delegates in the 1988 Republican Party primaries. From 1996 to 2004, most of these Southern primaries were held the week after Super Tuesday, dubbed “Southern Tuesday” by news commentators.[citation needed]

In 1992, Super Tuesday was on March 10. After losing earlier primaries, Democrat Bill Clinton emerged as a candidate “back from the dead” when he convincingly won a number of Southern primaries on Super Tuesday. Clinton ultimately went on to win the Democratic nomination and the presidency, defeating incumbent H.W. Bush, who was largely uncontested in the Republican primaries.[citation needed]

In 1996, Super Tuesday was on March 12. Bob Dole‘s Super Tuesday sweep sealed his bid for the Republican nomination. Clinton, as the incumbent president, was unopposed in the Democratic primaries.[citation needed]

In 2000, Super Tuesday was on March 7. Sixteen states held primaries on Super Tuesday, the largest presidential primary election day in U.S. history up to that point. In 2000, approximately 81% of Democratic delegates and 18% of Republican delegates needed to secure nomination were up for grabs on Super Tuesday. That year, Democrat Al Gore and Republican George W. Bush cemented their nomination bids with Super Tuesday victories, and both went on to win their parties’ nominations.[citation needed]

2004

Seven states held caucuses or primary elections on Mini-Tuesday in 2004. Bluedenotes Democratic-only contests (4) andPurple represents states that held elections for both parties (3).

Main article: Mini-Tuesday

In 2004, several states moved their presidential contests up to February 3, 2004 in order to increase the relative importance of their election results. Ultimately, five states held primaries and two held caucuses on this date, a date eventually christened Mini-Tuesday or, alternatively, Super Tuesday I by pundits, with the traditional March Super Tuesday date, March 2, christened Super Tuesday II, or just simply “Super Tuesday.”

2008

Twenty-four states held caucuses or primary electionson Super Tuesday, 2008. Blue denotes Democratic-only contests (3), Red illustrates Republican-only contests (2), and Purple represents states holding elections for both parties (19). Notes: American Samoa (not shown) is Democratic only.

To increase importance of their votes, many states moved up their primaries to February 5, 2008. This new, earlier cohort of primaries and caucuses has thus come to be referred to as “Super Tuesday.” (By way of denoting its political magnitude, some pundits have variously dubbed it “Giga Tuesday,” “Mega Giga Tuesday,” “Tsunami Tuesday” or even “Super Duper Tuesday.”[7] “Super Tuesday” is, however, the nominal term and the one most widely used.)

In the spring of 2007, 24 states with over half the delegates to the national conventions moved to change their primary dates to February 5, 2008, creating the largest “Super Tuesday” to date. Newswriters and political pundits noted that it would dwarf the Super Tuesday primaries in previous cycles.[7] With only four states holding elections on the year’s other Super Tuesday of March 4, 2008, one pundit said “this year, however, Super Tuesday isn’t so super.”[8]

Democratic primaries Hillary Clinton Barack Obama
Number of states won on Super Tuesday 12 11
Number of delegates won on Super Tuesday 834 847
Republican primaries John McCain Mitt Romney Mike Huckabee Ron Paul
Number of states won on Super Tuesday 9 7 5 0
Number of delegates won on Super Tuesday 511 176 147 10

2012

Main article: Super Tuesday, 2012

Super Tuesday in 2012 took place on March 6, 2012, totaling 419 delegates (18.3% of the total) in 10 states on the Republican side.[9] (The Democratic primarieswere uncontested as incumbent President Obama was the assured nominee.) While the impact of this week in 2012 was dwarfed by preceding Super Tuesday contests, frontrunner Mitt Romney was able to pad his lead significantly, with wins in six states and over half the delegates at stake going into his column. However, Santorum’s three wins (and a near-win in Ohio) allowed him to carry on for at least another month.

Republican primaries Mitt Romney Rick Santorum Newt Gingrich Ron Paul
Number of states won on Super Tuesday 6 3 1 0
Number of delegates won on Super Tuesday (OH 4 unalloc.) 225 89 80 21

2016

Super Tuesday in the 2016 election cycle is scheduled to be held on March 1, 2016. This date has been dubbed the “SEC Primary”, since many of the participating states are represented in the U.S. collegiate Southeastern Conference.[10][11]

The participating states include: AlabamaAlaska Republican caucuses, ArkansasColorado caucuses, GeorgiaMassachusettsMinnesota caucuses, Oklahoma,TennesseeTexasVermontVirginia, and Wyoming Republican caucuses.[11]

 

 

 

President Obama named federal appeals judge Merrick Garland on Wednesday as his pick to succeed Antonin Scalia on the U.S. Supreme Court – setting up a showdown with Republicans who have vowed to block the choice.

Obama, who said he went through a rigorous and comprehensive screening process, said Garland would bring “integrity, modesty and an even-handedness” to the Supreme Court.

“I said I would take this process seriously, and I did,” Obama said at the Rose Garden ceremony.

Yet within minutes, Republicans doubled down on their opposition to confirming any nominee in an election year, insisting that the vacant seat not be filled until a new president is sworn in.

“It is a president’s constitutional right to nominate a Supreme Court justice and it is the Senate’s constitutional right to act as a check on a president and withhold its consent,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said on the Senate floor.

Obama, anticipating the swift resistance, urged Republicans to reconsider, adding it would be unprecedented for Garland not to at least get a hearing.

“I hope they’re fair. That’s all,” Obama said. “To give him a fair hearing and up or down vote.”

Obama said earlier Wednesday that it was both his “constitutional duty to nominate a justice and one of the most important decisions that I – or any president – will make.”

He added, “I’m doing my job. I hope that our senators will do their jobs, and move quickly to consider my nominee.”

A Senate confirmation is required for any nominee to join the bench.

Before the announcement, Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah, also told Fox News that neither he nor his GOP colleagues on the Senate Judiciary Committee would back down and declared once more he would stop the nomination from going forward.

“We’ve been clear,” Lee said of his plan to reject Garland’s nomination.

Garland has served under both Republicans and Democrats. He clerked for the court’s liberal icon, Justice William J. Brennan Jr. In 1997, 32 Republicans voted in favor of his nomination, including seven who are still members of the Senate.

Garland was mentioned as a possible nominee when Justice Paul Stevens retired in 2010.

The vacancy ultimately went to Justice Elena Kagan.

Sen. Chuck Schumer of New York, the No. 3 Democratic leader, called Garland’s section, “a bipartisan choice,” adding: “If the Republicans can’t support him, who can they support?”

Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid, who spoke to Obama Wednesday morning, said in brief remarks on the Senate floor that Republicans must act on the president’s choice. “He’s doing his job this morning, they should do theirs,” said the Nevada Democrat.

 

JUPITER, Fla. — The media advisory read, “Donald J. Trump for President Press Conference.” On GOP frontrunner Donald Trump’s campaign website, under “Schedule,” it said, “Press Conference in Palm Beach, FL” with the location listed at Mar-a-Lago, Trump’s private Palm Beach club.

 

And Trump took the stage in front of supporters, with reporters exiled to the back primed to yell questions, just as the campaign has set up at three previous election night events. Everything seemed normal – normal for a Trump election night, anyway.

One problem: Trump took the stage, spoke for about twenty minutes, and then left without taking questions, which is typically the point of a press conference.

There was no infomercial-like touting of the Trump brand like last week. There were no “Trump Steaks” off to the side. It was just another odd election night with Trump.

 

NEW YORK – In what could have been the final Democratic presidential debate of the 2016 election, Bernie Sanders, the 74-year-old socialist insurgent, positioned himself as the future of the Democratic Party, while Hillary Clinton steamrolled her rival with a steady stream of facts and pragmatism.

Thursday’s debate at Brooklyn’s Navy Yard, the ninth this cycle, was the most contentious yet, and it came just days before the make-or-break New York primary on April 19.

“History has outpaced Secretary Clinton,” Sanders said, a day after 27,000 (mostly) young people filled Washington Square Park in Manhattan to see him.

Sanders made that point discussing criminal justice reform, an issue that underscores more than any other how far the Democratic Party has come during Clinton’s career in public life. Her introduction to the political stage came in 1992, when her husband, then-Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton, made a show of taking time off the presidential campaign trail to oversee the execution of a black man in Arkansas.

Hillary Clinton has evolved with her party and adroitly found the pulse of the broad Democratic coalition. Where she’s out of step with the base, it’s by choice, such as her defense Thursday night of a $12 federal minimum wage instead of the $15 floor favored by Sanders and most labor unions.

 

 

 

4/14/16, 10:07 PM ET

Sanders calls ‘super predator’ a racist term

The debate reminded voters that Clinton has been in the center of politics for a long time and has had to abandon a lot of former positions to get here.

 

Her invocation of “super predators” once in the 1990s has haunted her and her husband on the campaign trail this year. “It was a racist term, and everybody knew it was a racist term,” Sanders said Thursday.

Sanders has been in politics a long time as well but always on the outskirts. The progressive base, though so far not the wide party coalition, has caught up with where Sanders has been along.

“I think the future of the Democratic Party is not simply raising money from wealthy campaign contributors,” he said on his signature issue about campaign finance.

The dynamic produced a fiery and illuminating debate. Here are five takeaways.

A debate conducted in all caps

All signs suggested this would be the most feisty debate yet between the Democratic nominees, and it did not disappoint. The tone was loud – the debate was conducted at a near yell for the entire two hours – and at times even sarcastic.

“Secretary Clinton called them out?” Sanders said of his rival’s tough talk on Wall Street. “Oh, my goodness, they must have been really scared by this. Was that before or after you received huge sums of money from them?”

The rowdy crowd, stacked with supporters of both sides, cheered on their candidates and booed the other. Each campaign was given 400 tickets to hand out to loyal fans.

4/14/16, 9:25 PM ET

Clinton: Sanders also attacking Obama over Super PACs

 

The candidates repeatedly spoke over each other, leading moderator Wolf Blitzer of CNN to scold them like children. “You’re both screaming at each other. The voters won’t be able to hear either of you,” he said.

When not talking past each other, they glared and rolled their eyes.

Clinton on offense

Clinton has typically alternated between ignoring and attacking Sanders, but tonight, she delivered some of her fiercest pummeling yet.

She came swinging immediately out of the gate, saying Sanders was out of his depth on foreign policy and unable to talk about it “without having some paper in front of him.”

In one sentence, she summed up her argument: “It’s easy to diagnose the problem; it’s harder to do something about the problem.”

Clinton landed blows once again on guns. “He kept his word to the NRA,” she said of Sanders. And she delivered one of the loudest applause lines of the entire night by noting that throughout so many debates, “We’ve not had one question about a woman’s right to make her own decisions about abortion.”

Israel

Jewish voters make up nearly 1 of every 7 New York Democratic primary voters, according to a new NBC News poll, and Israel emerged as a key issue between Clinton and Sanders.

The candidates played against type on the Israeli-Palestinian debate, with Sanders, who is Jewish, speaking up for the rights of Palestinians, while the more hawkish Clinton advocated for Israel’s conservative government. The argument at times was a toxic well of lefty political debates, with each adopting positions that would be familiar to any college dorm room debater.

Sander criticized Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s rigidity. And he knocked Clinton for devoting so little time to the plight of Palestinians in her recent speech to AIPAC, the Jewish lobby group that Sanders snubbed last month by declining to speak to them.

Clinton defended Netanyahu – his job is “very difficult,” she said – and said the U.S. should engage in the region only “without ever undermining Israel’s security.”

New York state of mind

Both candidates claim New York connections, but Clinton, the state’s former senator, worked harder to highlight them. “I love being in Brooklyn. This is great,” Clinton said at one point. In her opening remarks, she made sure to praise “New York values” – the term Sen. Ted Cruz used to smear Donald Trump as an East Coast liberal.

4/14/16, 11:08 PM ET

Sanders predicts nomination win

 

Sanders, with his outer-borough accent, declares his origin with every word he speaks. But he reserved direct appeals for his closing argument. “I grew up in Brooklyn the son of an immigrant,” he said, telling his family’s story.

Meanwhile, Sanders continued to downplay Clinton’s large wins with Southern black voters. He got “murdered” in the Deep South, he acknowledged, but “we are out of the Deep South now.” It’s a risky proposition for a candidate who needs to perform better with people of color and who owes many of his own wins to red states like Utah and Nebraska.

Failure to disclose

Clinton still doesn’t have a good answer on why she hasn’t released transcripts of the paid speeches she gave to Goldman Sachs and other private groups for hundreds of thousands of dollars each.

This time, rather than trying to answer the question. Clinton pivoted to attacking Sanders on other issues. First, she moved to a financial reform vote Sanders took and, when that didn’t satisfy the moderators, hit him for not releasing his tax returns.

That led to Sanders revealing that he still doesn’t have a great answer on that subject. “Jane does our taxes. We’ve been a little bit busy, you’ll excuse us,” Sanders said of his wife. He did, however, announce that he will release his 2014 tax returns Friday.

 

2016 General Election Match-Ups

Looking ahead to some possible November election match-ups between the remaining presidential candidates, registered voters give Democratic front-runner Hillary Clinton a 10-point lead over Donald Trump, the same as last month.

But Clinton does not fare as well against the other two Republican candidates actively seeking their party’s nomination — Ted Cruz and John Kasich. Clinton holds just a three-point lead over Cruz, and she trails Kasich by six points in head-to-head match-ups.

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Clinton’s Democratic rival, Bernie Sanders, fares better. Bernie Sanders beats all three Republican candidates among registered voters: he holds a 17-point lead over Trump, a 12-point lead over Cruz, and a five-point lead over John Kasich.

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2016 General Election Match-Ups: The Demographics

Women and younger voters favor the Democratic candidate – whether Clinton or Sanders – in all of these scenarios, with Trump faring the worst among these two groups. Bernie Sanders is the stronger candidate among younger voters, and he outpaces Hillary Clinton among men. While men choose all three of the Republican candidates over Clinton by double-digit margins, Sanders runs evenly with Trump and Cruz among men (though he loses to Kasich).

Independents vote Democratic against both Donald Trump and Ted Cruz no matter which candidate runs against them. Trump does particularly poorly with independents, losing them by 18 points against Clinton and 26 points against Sanders.

John Kasich – the only Republican who beats Hillary Clinton in these match-ups – wins against Clinton among independents by nine points, but loses independents against Sanders by six points. Kasich gets strong support against both Clinton and Sanders from voters over 65.

2016generalelectionmatchupsdemographicstable.jpg

Nearly six in 10 registered voters are now paying a lot of attention to the presidential campaign, and interest is about the same among both Democrats and Republicans. Among this group of voters, John Kasich has a slight lead over Bernie Sanders. Trump does slightly better among this group as well, though he still trails both Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders.

Views of the Candidates

The two party’s frontrunners are both the best known and the most disliked candidates among registered voters overall. Sixty-three percent of registered voters view Donald Trump unfavorably, a six-point increase from just last month. Trump’s unfavorable rating has risen 10 points among independent voters.

On the Democratic side, Hillary Clinton fares better, but over half (54 percent) of registered voters still view Clinton unfavorably, similar to a month ago. Ted Cruz is also viewed negatively – more than twice as many voters view him unfavorably (48 percent) than favorably (22 percent).

Bernie Sanders and John Kasich are both viewed more favorably than unfavorably, though just over half still don’t have an opinion of Kasich.

All of the candidates have net favorable ratings among the members of their respective parties, but Democrats are more favorable towards their two potential nominees. About six in 10 Democrats view both Clinton and Sanders favorably, though more view Clinton unfavorably (20 percent) than Sanders (12 percent).

In contrast, just about half of Republicans view Donald Trump favorably, while less than half have favorable opinions of Ted Cruz or John Kasich. Negative views are also higher among Republicans for their candidates, particularly for Trump and Cruz — about a third of Republicans have unfavorable opinions of each of them. It’s noteworthy that just under half of Republicans don’t have an opinion of Kasich.

Most independents view Trump, Clinton, and Cruz unfavorably, though they have a net favorable opinion of both John Kasich and Bernie Sanders.

Views of Trump

For voters who view Trump favorably, his outspokenness is most often volunteered as what they like best about him (27 percent), followed by what they see as his honesty and integrity (15 percent). Further down on the list are that they think he’s not beholden to special interests (9 percent), that he’s a political outsider (8 percent

 

 

Ohio Gov. John Kasich will suspend his presidential campaign on Wednesday, senior campaign advisers tell NBC News.

Kasich cancelled a press conference in Virginia earlier in the day and announced he would make a statement in Columbus, Ohio, Thursday afternoon.

The decision comes one day after Kasich finished a distant third in the Indiana primary. Top campaign aides had vowed that the governor would stay in the race, even after Ted Cruz, who formed an informal alliance with Kasich, suspended his campaign.

RELATED: It’s Donald Trump’s GOP after Ted Cruz drops out

Kasich will end his run with just one primary victory, which came in his home state of Ohio. He remained in the race long after he was mathematically eliminated from clinching the GOP nomination, arguing that no candidate will earn a majoirity of the delegates ahead of the convention in Cleveland, Ohio, this summer.

But Donald Trump’s commanding win in Indiana on Tuesday made stopping the front-runner nearly impossible. Party leaders like Republican National Committee Chair Reince Priebus called Trump the “presumptive nominee” even with Kasich still in the race.

 

Though Kasich suspends his campaign as one of the final two remaining GOP candidates, he currently sits fourth in total delegates earned, trailing Trump, Cruz and Marco Rubio – who suspended his campaign March 15.

Kasich campaigned on a message of positivity, largely trying to stay away from the personal attacks that have defined the tumultuous Republican primary. The former congressman earned a number of high-profile endorsements, and voters on the campaign trail frequently thanked him for delivering an optimistic message. In addition to his Ohio victory, he earned a surprisingly strong second-place finish in New Hampshire, where he soundly beat better known rivals like Jeb Bush and Chris Christie.

In the final weeks of their campaigns, Kasich and Cruz entered into an informal alliance. Each focused their campaigns’ efforts on nominating contests where they had the best shot at defeating Trump. But the agreement proved ineffective in the Hoosier State, where Trump easily rolled to victory even though Kasich did not compete in the state. An NBC News/Wall Street Journal/Marist poll showed the pact was largely unpopular among GOP primary voters.

The governor justified his continuation in the race by arguing he is the best Republican to defeat the Democratic nominee in a general election. Out of the final three remaining candidates, Kasich was the only one who consistently beat Hillary Clinton in one-on-one polling.

“You win a primary, you lose the general, what’s the point?” Kasich said last month at an MSNBC town hall. “What do you hang a certificate on your wall? …I’m the only one who consistently beats Hillary.”

 

Elizabeth Warren on VP nod: ‘I’m not thinking about another job’

05/11/16 11:49 AM—UPDATED 05/11/16 12:20 PM

Elizabeth Warren is declining to say whether she would consider running on the Democratic ticket with Hillary Clinton, insisting instead that she’s focused on her current job and that Democrats still have to “get all of our nominations settled.”

Asked during an interview with Mic whether or not she would consider serving as Hillary Clinton’s vice president, Warren demurred, saying “I love my job. I’m here in the United States Senate doing exactly what the people of Massachusetts sent me here to do.”

“This is something we’ve got to get all of our nominations settled on the Democratic side,” she added. “For me, I’m going to keep doing my job every single day and I’m not thinking about another job.”

Warren added that she has not spoken to Clinton recently.

The progressive Massachusetts senator is considered most ideologically aligned with Senate colleague Bernie Sanders, who shares her aggressive rhetoric on income inequality and Wall Street.

‘But Warren has pointedly declined to endorse either candidate in the Democratic race, focusing instead on attacks aimed at presumptive Republican nominee Donald Trump.

 

Image result for breaking news logo

 

Donald J. Trump pushed back aggressively on Thursday against what he called “false smears” from women who claimed unwanted advances, seeking to stabilize his campaign as Michelle Obama declared “it doesn’t matter what party you belong to, no woman deserves to be treated this way.”

The New York Times reported on Wednesday night that Mr. Trump had touched two women inappropriately, groping them and kissing them forcefully in ways that echoed the boasts of being able to sexually assault women that he made in a 2005 video that was unearthed last week. Other news organizations, including The Palm Beach Post, BuzzFeed and People magazine, reported stories about women who had similar encounters with Mr. Trump, who has said that he never acted on his “locker-room talk” in the 2005 video.

In a series of messages posted on Twitter on Thursday morning, Mr. Trump said that the story in The Times was a “total fabrication” and denied the incident described by Natasha Stoynoff, the writer for People magazine, who said that Mr. Trump forced his tongue down her throat while she was working on an assignment about his first anniversary with his wife Melania.

At a rally in West Palm Beach, Fla., Mr. Trump lashed out at the media for buttressing Hillary Clinton’s campaign, calling the reports about his inappropriate behavior “false smears.”

“Anyone who challenges them is deemed a racist, a sexist, a xenophobe and morally deformed,” he said of the media, repeatedly singling out The Times.

“They will seek to destroy everything about you, including your reputation,” Mr. Trump said. “They will lie, lie lie and they will do worse than that.”

Mr. Trump also threatened to take legal action in response to the new allegations and warned through his lawyer that he might sue The Times for libel if it did not retract the article and apologize.

“Your article is reckless, defamatory and constitutes libel per se,” Marc E.Kasowitz, Mr. Trump’s lawyer, wrote in a letter to The Times. “It is apparent from, among other things, the timing of the article, that it is nothing more than a politically motivated effort to defeat Mr. Trump’s candidacy.”

Eileen Murphy, a spokeswoman for The Times, said in a statement, “We stand by the story, which falls clearly into the realm of public service journalism.”

The Clinton campaign said that the latest revelations were more evidence that Mr. Trump is unfit to be president and that they showed that he lied on the debate stage on Sunday night.

At a rally in New Hampshire, Mrs. Obama, the first lady, ripped into Mr. Trump and said that his treatment of women was a sign weakness. “We simply cannot endure this or expose our children to it any longer, not for another minute let alone another four years,” Mrs. Obama said.

She added, “Now is the time to stand up and say enough is enough.”

The Trump campaign has been thrown into turmoil by the allegations and the damage that the video has done to his standing with women and with the Republican leaders who have disavowed him or revoked their endorsements.

National and state polls show Mr. Trump’s support has cratered in the last two weeks. In an effort to turn things around, he has stepped up his personal attacks on Mrs. Clinton and her husband, former President Bill Clinton. Mr. Trump has also dispatched his daughter, Ivanka, to the Pennsylvania suburbs on Thursday in the hope that she can lift his standing in the crucial swing state.

Some of Mr. Trump’s staunchest allies have been unusually critical of him during the most difficult stretch of his campaign.

Newt Gingrich, the former House speaker and presidential candidate in 2012 who wanted to be Mr. Trump’s running mate, suggested on Thursday that there were two Donald Trumps.

“There’s a big Trump and a little Trump,” he said in an appearance on the Fox Business Network. “The little Trump is frankly pathetic.”

However, not all of Mr. Trump’s supporters are ready to ditch him.

Jerry Falwell Jr., a prominent evangelical Christian leader who is the president of Liberty University in Virginia, said that he did not believe the allegations made against Mr. Trump and defended his character.

“That videotape that was released last week, I think there’s a different Donald Trump now,” Mr. Falwell told CNN. “Unlike Hillary, I believe all people are redeemable, and I believe his life has changed.”

At Mr. Trump’s rally in West Palm Beach, the candidate’s most ardent fans stood by him.

“I hope it’s not true, but I can’t look at that right now,” said Karen Hainline, 54, of Wellington, Fla. “I have to look at who is going to run our country and make jobs. We’re getting people beheaded in our own country. We need security.”

 

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Donald J. Trump pushed back aggressively on Thursday against what he called “false smears” from women who claimed unwanted advances, seeking to stabilize his campaign as Michelle Obama declared “it doesn’t matter what party you belong to, no woman deserves to be treated this way.”

The New York Times reported on Wednesday night that Mr. Trump had touched two women inappropriately, groping them and kissing them forcefully in ways that echoed the boasts of being able to sexually assault women that he made in a 2005 video that was unearthed last week. Other news organizations, including The Palm Beach Post, BuzzFeed and People magazine, reported stories about women who had similar encounters with Mr. Trump, who has said that he never acted on his “locker-room talk” in the 2005 video.

In a series of messages posted on Twitter on Thursday morning, Mr. Trump said that the story in The Times was a “total fabrication” and denied the incident described by Natasha Stoynoff, the writer for People magazine, who said that Mr. Trump forced his tongue down her throat while she was working on an assignment about his first anniversary with his wife Melania.

At a rally in West Palm Beach, Fla., Mr. Trump lashed out at the media for buttressing Hillary Clinton’s campaign, calling the reports about his inappropriate behavior “false smears.”

“Anyone who challenges them is deemed a racist, a sexist, a xenophobe and morally deformed,” he said of the media, repeatedly singling out The Times.

“They will seek to destroy everything about you, including your reputation,” Mr. Trump said. “They will lie, lie lie and they will do worse than that.”

Mr. Trump also threatened to take legal action in response to the new allegations and warned through his lawyer that he might sue The Times for libel if it did not retract the article and apologize.

“Your article is reckless, defamatory and constitutes libel per se,” Marc E.Kasowitz, Mr. Trump’s lawyer, wrote in a letter to The Times. “It is apparent from, among other things, the timing of the article, that it is nothing more than a politically motivated effort to defeat Mr. Trump’s candidacy.”

Eileen Murphy, a spokeswoman for The Times, said in a statement, “We stand by the story, which falls clearly into the realm of public service journalism.”

The Clinton campaign said that the latest revelations were more evidence that Mr. Trump is unfit to be president and that they showed that he lied on the debate stage on Sunday night.

At a rally in New Hampshire, Mrs. Obama, the first lady, ripped into Mr. Trump and said that his treatment of women was a sign weakness. “We simply cannot endure this or expose our children to it any longer, not for another minute let alone another four years,” Mrs. Obama said.

She added, “Now is the time to stand up and say enough is enough.”

The Trump campaign has been thrown into turmoil by the allegations and the damage that the video has done to his standing with women and with the Republican leaders who have disavowed him or revoked their endorsements.

National and state polls show Mr. Trump’s support has cratered in the last two weeks. In an effort to turn things around, he has stepped up his personal attacks on Mrs. Clinton and her husband, former President Bill Clinton. Mr. Trump has also dispatched his daughter, Ivanka, to the Pennsylvania suburbs on Thursday in the hope that she can lift his standing in the crucial swing state.

Some of Mr. Trump’s staunchest allies have been unusually critical of him during the most difficult stretch of his campaign.

Newt Gingrich, the former House speaker and presidential candidate in 2012 who wanted to be Mr. Trump’s running mate, suggested on Thursday that there were two Donald Trumps.

“There’s a big Trump and a little Trump,” he said in an appearance on the Fox Business Network. “The little Trump is frankly pathetic.”

However, not all of Mr. Trump’s supporters are ready to ditch him.

Jerry Falwell Jr., a prominent evangelical Christian leader who is the president of Liberty University in Virginia, said that he did not believe the allegations made against Mr. Trump and defended his character.

“That videotape that was released last week, I think there’s a different Donald Trump now,” Mr. Falwell told CNN. “Unlike Hillary, I believe all people are redeemable, and I believe his life has changed.”

At Mr. Trump’s rally in West Palm Beach, the candidate’s most ardent fans stood by him.

“I hope it’s not true, but I can’t look at that right now,” said Karen Hainline, 54, of Wellington, Fla. “I have to look at who is going to run our country and make jobs. We’re getting people beheaded in our own country. We need security.”

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